Category Archives: Research

My DNA Results – No Big Surprises

I have held off on paying to have my DNA test done because I have most of our lines so far back that I really didn’t think it would tell me much that I didn’t already know. There were a few families that we know were from Ireland, but not sure exactly where. Those were the only facts that I wondered if a DNA test would clear up. My sisters and I discussed going in on the price of one test and having one of us take it. Shortly after that discussion, there was an article about how DNA tests can vary between siblings. My sister, Lois, volunteered at that time to pay for a test for herself. I looked forward to seeing her results.
Her results showed her ancestry as being 96% from British Isles. No surprise there at all. The company she used didn’t really differentiate Ireland from the rest of the British Isles. Nothing in her results made me think it was worth doing a test myself. Recently Ancestry.com reduced the cost of their DNA tests, so in the hopes of getting more specificity, I decided to go for it.

Full Results
Click to Enlarge
I recently got my results back, and while I haven’t explored all of the information yet, I can safely say that while the results were more location specific than my sister’s were, there still were no big surprises.

The largest percentage of my ancestry, 64%, was from Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Ancestry notes that we probably have ancestors from the Ulster area of Ireland. (*Note: All of what is now “Northern Ireland” is a part of “Ulster”, however not all counties in Ulster are a part of Northern Ireland) The “Ulster” connection makes sense since our Bannon family was from County Fermanagh (a part of current Northern Ireland). Our Stanford and Carroll families lived in County Leitrim (a part of Ireland) which borders Fermanagh. The Morgan, Bevan et. al side of my mother’s family was from Glamorgan, Wales. As for the 27% Great Britain, we have ancestors from Lincolnshire, Cheshire, Devon and Cornwall. Cornwall being another Celtic stronghold like Wales and Ireland. I’ve always said that while we were basically half Irish half British (including Wales in Britain), we are 99% Celtic. These results pretty much back that up.

Here is the “large” map showing all of the possible areas that my ancestors may have originated from. I’ll delve in to some of the “small percentage” areas later.
Full Map

Focusing on the British Isles for now, I decided to show how the known locations of our families lined up in comparison with where the Ancestry DNA map said they were. I took the results map and superimposed it on a map of the British Isles and put stars where our families lived. You’ll see that there are two stars that fall in what the map considers “Ulster”. The higher one is County Fermanagh (Bannon) and the lower one is County Leitrim (Stanford and Carroll).

overlay
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Now we’ll look at the “Finland and Eastern Russian” percentage. On my sister’s results this was listed as “Scandinavian”. The minute I saw that on her results I knew that it
would be connected to our ancestors who lived in Lincolnshire. I found this interesting article on Ancestry.com called “The Viking in the Room”. They posted the graphic on the right that shows the highest concentrations of Scandinavian ancestry in Great Britain. I put a yellow star on Lincolnshire, which you’ll see is in one the “reddest” sections of the map.

The following quote is from the article:
Across Great Britain there is a clear pattern with higher Scandinavian genetic ethnicity in the north east of England decreasing as you get further from that region. From a high of 11.1% in the Northeast of England the average drops to a low of 6.5% in Southern Scotland.

When I had first viewed my sister’s results I found this map that shows the Viking invasion of Great Britain. As you can see from the yellow star, they landed right in Lincolnshire. The county still has many placenames with Scandinavian origins and there are many surnames, such as our Harrisons, with classic Scandinavian patronymic patterns.

Vikings Lincolnshire

Of course another source of Scandinavian ancestry could be from the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Great Britan. This quote is also from the Ancestry article:

As the Romans left Britain from 400 A.D., tribes from northern Germany and Denmark seized the opportunity to step in. The Angles (green) and Saxons (purple) soon controlled much of the territory that had been under Roman rule, while the Jutes (orange) occupied some smaller areas in the south.

This last bit of research in to my DNA results was the most interesting. My DNA results show 1-2% findings for parts of Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and “Caucasus”. My sister’s results had shown a small percentage in the area of Isreal. I believe that all of these locations have to do with the migration of the ancient Celts. The mention of “Eastern Russia” in the “higher percentage” results may also link to the ancient migrations.

One of the most interesting articles that I found concerning the migration of ancient peoples to Ireland was this one from the Daily Mail: Irish people originate from the MIDDLE EAST: Celtic DNA shows farming led to a ‘wave of immigrants’ entering Ireland 4,000 years ago”. Researchers compared the DNA of an early Neolithic farmer, a woman who is believed to have lived in the Belfast area 5,200 years ago and that of three men found in Rathlin Island in County Down, who lived 4,000 years ago during the Bronze Age.

The researchers now believe that many of the common genetic traits of modern Irish people were brought by those who migrated from the Pontic Steppe – a Black Sea region stretching across modern Ukraine, Russia and Georgia – to Ireland when the region became a farming and metal work hub. The map below shows this migration:
Migration

The map below, courtesy of irishstory.com (no longer a website) shows the migration of the ancient Celts to both the Iberian Peninsula and Great Britain. When the Romans invaded later, they drove the Celts to the West. They mainly settled in Ireland, Scotland Wales and Cornwall.
Celtic Migration

In conclusion I am happy that the DNA results match up so well with my genealogy research. I’d hate it if I was like the guy on the ad who finds out that he wasn’t German, but actually Scottish. I’d have to throw out years of research!!

I am disappointed that there are no real clues as to where some of the families for whom I have no definite location in Ireland came from. I may never know where our “second Carroll” line was from before migrating to New Haven, CT via Austrailia. I may not find out where Charles Smith’s parents were from before they moved to New York City. I am also in the process of contacting some of the people with whom I “matched” as cousins. I’ve already discovered that my Great Grandmother’s (Mary Elizabeth Kieft Ratcliffe) brother may have had an illegitimate daughter that we never knew about. While there were no other big surprises, I’m still happy that I finally gave in and had my DNA analysis done. I’ll keep you posted if it leads to any new exciting discoveries.

Other Resources:

Tuberculosis: Romance vs Reality

Romantic

As a genealogist, I’ve poured over death records and sometimes they really get to me. I hate to see a family lose all of their children in infancy, or an entire family get wiped out due to illness. With that in mind, I couldn’t help but think of the members of my family who died from Tuberculosis over the years when I saw this article posted yesterday by one of my favorite Historical romance novelists, Candice Hern The article titled How a generation of consumptives defined 19th-century Romanticism got me thinking that there was probably a disconnect between the Romantic poets and artists and what the “common man” went through because of this terrible disease.

The article explains how women would actually try to look “consumptive”, thinking it was attractive. It also goes on to say that the great number of “Romantic writers, painters and composers with TB created a myth that consumption drove artistic genius.” . In my research I always imagined sickly, thin individuals with bloody handkerchiefs just struggling to survive.

In death records, you will find Tuberculosis listed by a variety of names including Phithisus, scrofulae and “Wasting Disease”. In my genealogy research, I often found that when one family member died of this disease, there was usually at least one other member of the same family who did as well. I have a member of my Stanford family, Peter Stanford was born in 1830 in Ireland. He died of TB in 1874 in New Haven, CT at the age of 44. The sad part is that he and his wife had nine children, of whom only one lived to adulthood, their son Peter. Peter died in 1902 of TB. It also seems as if he was probably very ill for over a year because his 3 year old daughter was in an orphanage when she died of TB in 1900.

Another branch of my family with a sad history of Tuberculosis was in England and closer to the “Romantic” period referenced in the article. My great great grandmother, Agnes Clark’s, sister Jane was born in 1826 in Cornwall, England. She married John Chapman in 1848 and the family lived in St. Neot, Cornwall. Jane’s husband, John, died of Tuberculosis on 7 May 1870 at the age of 46. Three of their children went on to die of the disease over the course of the next 4 years. Daughter Elizabeth died in 1872 at age 10, daughter Mary Jane died in 1873 at age 15 and finally, son, Nicholas, died in 1879 at age 14. I find it hard to believe that Jane Clark Chapman felt that the disease was “romantic” at all as she had to take care of sick family members, along with six other children as she watched four of her loved ones die in four years.